what is type 2 diabetes?
who is at risk?
Anyone can develop type 2 diabetes, and diagnoses of type 2 diabetes in all racial groups and age groups are on the rise. Some groups, such as African-Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, and seniors, are at greater risk.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common form of diabetes with millions of Americans diagnosed and many more undiagnosed.
In type 2 diabetes either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin the body produces.
Insulin’s job is to take the glucose from the blood into muscle and fat cells for use as energy. When the body does not produce enough insulin, or the cells ignore the insulin the body produces, glucose builds up in the blood, resulting in high blood sugar.
how your kidneys work
The kidneys do many things to help keep your blood clean and chemically balanced. This pair of vital organs near the middle of your back processes roughly 200 quarts of blood every day to filter out about 2 quarts of waste products and excess water. Healthy kidneys remove waste and excess water, which leave your body when you urinate. In addition, the kidneys also filter glucose from the blood and return it back to the body for use as energy.
what happens in your kidneys if you have type 2 diabetes?
In a person with type 2 diabetes, the blood flowing into the kidneys already contains a high level of sugar, which is then reabsorbed back into the body.